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[ATOMIC ENERGY]. A Report on the International Control of Atomic Energy prepared for the Secreary of State's Committee on Atomic Energy by a Board of Consultants Chester I. Barnard, Dr. J.R. Oppenheimer, Dr. Charles A. Thomas, Harry A. Winne, David E. Lilienthal (Chairman). Published in the U.S.A. ... reprinted by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 1946. viii, 44 pp. Original printed wrappers, dust soiled. Ex-library with several circular ink stamps. First British edition.
BRONOWSKI, J. The Common Sense of Science. London: The Scientific Book Club. . Small 8vo: [iv], 154 pp; text a little browned at edges. Original cloth in slightly chipped dust jacket. First edition.
The Contemporary Science Books series, edited by Bronowski.
CHAPMAN, John. Cases of Diarrhoea and Cholera treated successfully through the agency of the Nervous System chiefly by means of the Spinal Ice-Bag. London: Baillière, Tindall, and Cox. 1871. viii, 64 pp; library stamp to foot of half-title and to lower margin of final leaf. Disbound.
CLIFFORD, William Kingdon. Lectures and Essays. Edited by leslie Stephen and Frederick Pollock. In two volumes. London: Macmillan and Co. 1879. Two volumes: portrait frontispiece to each, [iv], 340; [iv], 321 pp. plus 32-page publishers catalogue; untrimmed. Ex-library with ink stamp to verso of title-pages and to first and last leaves of text. Original cloth, recased with original backstrips relaid. First edition.
With ownership inscription in each volume of A. Sidgwick, Oxford, 1879.
CLIFFORD, William Kingdon. Mathematical Papers. Edited by Robert Tucker, with an introduction by H.J. Stephen Smith. London: Macmillan and Co. 1882. Lxx[ii], 658 pp. plus advertisement leaf, folding frontispiece of manuscript, 13 plates; untrimmed; ex-library copy with stamps to endpapers only. Original cloth, minor wear to top and bottom of spine, partly split at top of rear joint. First edition.
Published posthumously. Clifford (1845-1879) moved from Trinity College Cambridge in 1871 to take up the professorship of applied mathematics at University College, London. In 1874 he was elected fellow of the Royal Society for, among other things, his distinction in 'the metaphysics of geometrical and physical science'. The last few years of his life were plagued with ill health but were among the most mathematically productive. In his paper 'On the Space-Theory of Matter' (1870) - included as Paper V in 'Mathematical Papers' - he argued that energy and matter are simply different types of curvature of space, and he presents ideas which were to form a fundamental role in Einstein's general theory of relativity some years later.
CLIFFORD, William Kingdon. The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences. Second edition. London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co. 1885. xiii, errata slip, 271 pp. plus 44-page publishers catalogue, manuscript notes to page x of Preface. Original decorated red cloth, minor wear to extremities, but overall a good copy.
Vol. LI of The International Scientific Series.
CLIFFORD, William Kingdon. The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences. Edited and with a preface by Karl Pearson, newly edited and with an introduction by James R. Newman, preface by Bertrand Russell. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1946. lxvi, 249  pp., diagrams to text. Original cloth gilt in slightly frayed dust jacket.
With original receipt from Heffer & Sons Ltd., Cambridge.
"A classic explanation of modern scientific and mathematical thought" (from the dust jacket).
COMTE, Auguste. Traité Philosophique d'Astronomie Populaire, ou Exposition Systématique de toutes les notions de philosophie astronomique, soit scientifiques, soit logiques, qui doivent devenir universellement familieres. Paris: Carilian-Goeury & Vor Dalmont, éditeurs/Fain & Thunot. 1844. x, 486 pp. plus folding table, scattered foxing; all edges gilt. Later good-quality dark green morocco gilt by P. Delacour, slightly rubbed. First edition.
Prefaced with 'Sur l'Esprit Positif' (108 pp.) - this discourse marked a sharp change of direction by its emphasis on the moral dimension of the new philosophy: now that the sciences had been systematized, Comte was able to return to his initial interest, political philosophy.
Original issues of the official Hegelian journal
[HEGEL]. Jahrbücher fur wissenschaftliche Kritik. Herausgegeben von der Societät für wissenschaftliche Kritik zu Berlin. Jahrgang 1833, Erster/Zweiter Band; Jahrgang 1835, Erster/Zweiter Band; Jahrgang 1836, Erster/Zweiter Band; Jahrgang 1837, Erster/Zweiter Band; Jahrgang 1838, Zweiter Band; Jahrgang 1839, Erster/Zweiter Band. Stuttgart & Tübingen/Berlin: Cotta/Duncker & Humblot. 1833-1839. Quarto. 11 volumes in all. Vol.1838/2 lacking issues 61-64 and 103-105 inclusive, Vol.1839/2 lacking issues 84-86 inclusive. Oval ink library stamp to title-page of some volumes; occasional foxing, some damp staining in 1837/1. Contemporary boards, some wear, except the two volumes for 1837 in modern boards.
The "Jahrbücher fur wissenschaftliche Kritik" is one of the most important academic journals of the nineteenth century, and original issues are extremely scarce. The Societät fur wissenschaftliche Kritik (society for scientific criticism) was formed in July 1826 in Hegel's own home; it had three divisions -- philosophical, natural scientific, and philosophical-historical. The Society's members constituted the original "old Hegelians". The "Jahrbücher" appeared as the official Hegelian journal and were largely responsible for developing the Hegelian followers into a coherent school by providing a recognisable form to unite various strands. The journal ran from 1827-1846, and was reprinted in its entirety in 1996.
HERSCHEL, John F.W. Essays from the Edinburgh and Quarterly Reviews, with Addresses and Other Pieces. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts. 1857. iv, 750 pp; title-page and final leaf browned. Original cloth, lettered in gilt, rubbed. First edition.
Includes papers by Whewell, von Humboldt, Quetelet, as well as by Herschel, and others.
KOYRÉ, Alexandre. A Documentary History of the Problem of Fall from Kepler to Newton. (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, new series, vol. 45, part 4). Philadelphia. 1955. Quarto: [ii], 329-395 pp. Original printed wrappers, a little soiled.
Presentation copy from the author to E.E. Evans Pritchard (1902-1973, British anthropologist), intialled on front wrapper.
(NEWTON) S'GRAVESANDE, William James. An Explanation of the Newtonian Philosophy, in Lectures read to the Youth of the University of Leyden .... Translated into English by E[dmund] Stone, F.R.S. The second edition. London: printed for W. Innys ... and R. Manby. 1741. [xvi], 435  pp., 17 folding engraved plates; two small tears without loss in upper margin of M7, some minor damp staining to lower margins, lacks front blank. Contemporary calf, contrasting label, rubbed.
First published in 1723, the first English translation in 1735. The author was a friend of Newton, and introduced Newtonian philosophy into Leyden. S'Gravesande (1688-1742) is credited with the invention of the first heliostat. The engravings illustrate the use of pulleys, levers, convex and concave lenses for spectacles; plate XIII rainbows and reflection of light; plus several plates on the solar system and eclipses. Babson 67. Gray 83. Wallis 83.81.
OSTWALD, Wilhelm. Die Farbenfibel. Zweite bis dritte, verbesserte Auflage. Mit 8 Zeichnungen und 200 Farben. Leipzig: Unesma. 1917. viii, 46 pp., with 200 mounted colour samples, plus diagrams to the text. Original cloth, black lettering, with mounted colour sample to upper cover, a little rubbed, but generally a very good copy.
First published in 1916. Ostwald (1853-1932), was a Latvian-born German physical chemist; his contributions to colour science became well-known and he built a laboratory for colour research at his home at Grossbothen. He was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1909. Ostwald became interested in the methodology and organisational aspects of science, in a world language, in internationalism and in pacifism. His philosophical outlook, known as energetism or energetic monism, was strongly influenced by his scientific backgrund. He founded the journal "Annalen der Naturphilosophie" in 1901 and edited 14 volumes up to 1921.
RAY, John. Philosophical Letters between the late Learned Mr. Ray and several of his Ingenious Correspondents, Natives and Foreigners. To which are added those of Francis Willughby Esq; the whole consisting of many curious Discoveries and Improvements in the History of Quadrupeds, Birds, Fishes, Insects, Plants, Fossiles, Fountains, &c. Published by W. Derham. London: printed by William and John Innys. 1718. [viii], 376 pp.,  pp. index plus advertisement leaf; woodcut head and tailpieces, occasional diagrams. Contemporary panelled calf, neatly repaired at top and bottom of spine, later label. First edition.
With the armorial bookplate of W. Wynne. Keynes 109.
SCHOPENHAUER, Arthur. Ueber das Sehn und die Farben, eine Abhandlung. Leipzig: Johann Friedrich Hartknoch. 1816. 88 pp; text somewhat browned. Near-contemporary cloth, rubbed, faded on spine. First edition.
Rare. Schopenhauer's important essay on the perception of colour and the response of the eye to changes in the arrangement of colours in the field of vision, inspired by Goethe's "Farbenlehre". Schopenhauer expresses his profound respect for Goethe's achievement. Grisebach p.11. Hübscher 6.
TAYLOR, Charles Bell. The Contagious Diseases Acts (Women) from a Sanitary Point of View: showing how and why such despotic measures not only fail to repress venereal disease, but tend to increase its most serious manifestations. Containing the substance of a paper read before the Medical Society of London .... Part II. London: Tweedie. 1870. 71 pp; library stamp to lower margin of title-page and final leaf. Unbound.
Treatise on Dynamics
WHEWELL, William. On the Free Motion of Points, and on Universal Gravitation, including the Principal Propositions of Books I and III of the Principia; the first part of a new edition of A Treatise on Dynamics [bound with] On the Motion of Points constrained and resisted, and on the Motion of a Rigid Body. The second part of a new edition of A Treatise on Dynamics. Cambridge: ... for J. & J.J. Deighton. 1832-1834. Two parts in one: xxviii, 237, errata leaf, 4 folding engraved plates; xxi[i], 338 pp., 5 folding engraved plates; contents a little browned; ink stamps to title-page and to final leaf of text; later endpapers. Contemporary half calf with marbled boards, worn on corners, rebacked, contrasting label.
Whewell's second textbook, "A Treatise on Dynamics", was first published in 1823. In the Preface, Whewell states that his aims in this new edition are to "correct the errors of the former edition, and, in many instances, to simplify and improve the work", primarily for the students of Cambridge.
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