Books for Sale

17th-Century Philosophy

ABBADIE, Jacques. L'Art de se Connoitre soy-mesme, ou la Recherche des Sources de la Morale. Rotterdam: Pierre Reinier Leers. 1710. 12mo: two parts in one: [vi], 138; 213 [3] pp. Contemporary calf, gilt decorated spine with raised bands, morocco label, rubbed, small wormhole to front joint.

[70482] £160

First published in 1692. Abbadie (?1654-1727), preacher and writer, was born in Switzerland; he accompanied Marshal Schomberg to England in 1688 and the following year became minister of the French church in the Savoy area of London. His religious treatises had a wide circulation throughout Europe.

Caillet 13.


Source book for Descartes?

BOUJU, Theophraste, Sieur de Beaulieu. Corps de Toute la Philosophie divisé en Deux Parties. La premiere contient tout ce qui appartient à la Sapience, à Scavoir, la Logique, la Physique & la Metaphysique. La seconde contient tout ce qui appartient à la Prudence, à scavoir, la Morale, l'Oeconomique & la Politique. Le tout par demonstration & auctorité d'Aristote, avec esclarcissement de sa doctrine par luy-meme. Paris: Charles Chastellain. 1614. Folio: title-page printed in red and black, with engraved vignette, 1037, [47]; 480, [35] pp., errata leaf; engraved head-pieces, tail-pieces and initial letters; small hole (burn?) in pp.21-24 with loss of a few letters, minor adhesion damage to pp.491-2, some light staining to first and last few leaves. Contemporary blind stamped vellum (lacks ties), somewhat soiled and rubbed, partly split on front joint. First edition.

[55722] £1200

Scarce. Includes Greek texts from Aristotle, with French commentary, and constitutes an early French-language complete philosophy course. Bouju (dates not found) was almoner to Henry IV. "[Bouju] is writing an ordinary philosophy textbook in French (for those not comfortable or not educated in the Latin of the schools). ... Théophraste Bouju, in a work whose title page announces that all of it has the authority of Aristotle, rejected the Aristotelian four elements, discarding the sphere of fire and, as a consequence, argued against the radical heterogeneity of the sub-lunary and supra-lunary spheres. However, he safeguarded the de facto immutability of the heavens. .... Bouju was a Thomist in many respects .... [he] also kept some Averroist elements. Bouju asserted that place is movable per se in what he called 'lieu de situation' and per accidens in what he called 'lieu environnant'. .... The discussion of ideas in Bouju's Philosophy is fairly standard. Enumerating the four Aristotelian causes, Bouju adds an account of 'exemplary causation'. Ideas are routinely identified with exemplars, either Platonic ideas or ideas in God's mind, and the question discussed is, whether in serving as models for creation, ideas as exemplars cause the things that imitate them in some fifth way. Further, the physician has an idea of health, the architect in building a house tried to make it like the one 'he has in his mind', and so on. Bouju is echoing a well-established Scholastic-Aristotelian tradition, in which ideas are either the forms in God's mind according to which he makes things, or the exemplars in artificers' minds when they make their artefacts. Ideas as exemplars, however, are not strictly psychological. They are forms which are in general, not particular, patterns to be followed in this or that case, rather than particular mental events (Bouju 1614 I:297-8)." Roger Ariew, "Descartes and the Last Scholastics", and in "Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy".


CLAUBERG, Johannes. De Cognitione Dei et Nostri, Quatenus naturali rationis lumine, Secundum Veram Philosophiam, potest comparari Exercitationes Centrum. Editio novissima atque emendatissima. Frankfurt: Leonardi Strim. 1685. Small 8vo: [lxii], 472 pp. (two leaves of 'contents' duplicated); title-page printed in red and black (with 19th century ownership inscription); single small wormhole to top outer margin as far as p.129. Contemporary vellum, rubbed, small hole in spine.

[56321] £200

Clauberg (1622-1665) German Cartesian philosopher, studied at Leiden and became professor of philosophy and theology at Herborn in 1649 and at Duisburg from 1651. He was interested in developing German as a language suitable for philosophical writing and, in his Latin writings, he frequently inserted German words and phrases, as much to help fix the German meanings as to elucidate his Latin expressions.


COLLIER, Jeremy. Essays upon several Moral Subjects. In two parts. Part I. Upon Pride. Upon Cloaths. Upon Duelling. Upon General Kindness. Upon the Office of a Chaplain. Upon the Weakness of Human Reason. Part II. Of Fame. Of Musick. Of the Value of Life. Of the Spleen. Of Eagerness of Desire. Of Friendship. Of Popularity. A Thought. Of the Entertainment of Books. Of Confidence. Of Envy. Of the Aspect. Against Despair. Of Covetousness. Of Liberty. Of Old Age. Of Pleasure. Third edition. London: printed for R. Sare … and H. Hindmarsh. 1698. Two parts in one: [viii], 246, advertisement leaf, [viii], 200 pp. Contemporary panelled calf, split on rear joint, chipped at top of spine.

[70488] £100

Jeremy Collier (1650-1726), famous as a pamphleteer, particularly after the publication of his Short View on the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage, which singled out playwrights such as Dryden and Congreve for particular attack.

A third part of the “Essays upon Several Moral Subjects” was published in 1705. Wing C5254


(CUDWORTH) SCOTT, W.R. An Introduction to Cudworth's Treatise concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality with Life of Cudworth and a few Critical Notes. London: Longmans, Green and Co. 1891. Small 8vo: xii, 67[1] pp; some pencilling. Original cloth, a little rubbed. First editiion.

[56687] £50


DESCARTES, René. Oeuvres de Descartes, publiées par Victor Cousin. Paris: F.G. Levrault. 1824-1826. Eleven volumes; 46 folding engraved plates. Contemporary quarter calf with marbled boards, gilt lettering to spines, a little rubbed on joints (joints of volume 1 tender); an attractive set, together with two copies of a 12-page Prospectus for the work, dated March 1824.

[55591] £1000

This edition contains the first French translation of a number of Descartes' texts, along with extracts from his unpublished manuscripts. "Cousin launched the modern French Descartes revival with his enthusiastic but hasty edition of the philosopher's works which served for nearly 80 years" (Sebba).


(DESCARTES) LE GRAND, Anthony. Apologia pro Renato Des-Cartes contra Samuelem Parkerum, S.T.P. ... Instututa & Adornata. London: M. Clark. 1679. Small 8vo: [viii], xxx, [ii], 222 [2] pp; title-page a little creased, with oval ink stamp to upper corner; ownership inscription of D. Will. Mount dated 1714. Contemporary panelled calf, neatly rebacked. First edition.

[55353] £350

A detailed response to Samuel Parker's "Disputationes de Deo et Providentia Divina" (1678), which attacks Epicurus's denial of divine Providence, and then goes on to launch an assault on Descartes. Wing L945.


(DESCARTES) LE GRAND, Anthony. Institutio Philosophiae Secundum Principia D. Renati Descartes: Nova Methodo Adornata & Explicata. In Usum Juventutis Academicae. Editio Tertia. London: J. Martyn. 1675. Engraved title after W. Faithorne, printed title, [xxxvi], 709[1] pp., engravings to text (27 in all) including one full-page. Contemporary calf, rebacked (new pastedowns), raised bands, gilt lettering.

[55215] £500

In ten parts, with the engravings in parts 4, 5, 6 and 8. First published in 1672. Le Grand was the first writer to present the doctrines of Descartes in scholastic format. The work was translated into English and published as part of "An Entire Body of Philosophy" in 1694. Wing L955.


[DIGBY, Kenelm]. Two Treatises: In the one of which, The Nature of Bodies; In the other, The Nature of Mans Soul, is looked into: in way of Discovery of the Immortality of Reasonable Souls. London: printed for John Williams. 1658. Small quarto: [xlviii], 429[1], [x], 143[3] pp; title-page creased and a little frayed on outer edge. Contemporary calf, rebacked preserving original spine, rubbed. With the ownership inscription of Johannis Stevens dated August 1658 and later bookplate of Edward Wake.

[55812] £700

The third edition (first, Paris, 1644). Digby (1603-1665) "has been acclaimed as an important presenter in English of the newly fashionable mechanical philosophy; and there is no doubt that his diverse writings well exemplify some of the complexities of seventeenth-century intellectual developments. .... 'Two Treatises', published in Paris at the time of his contact with the fashionable philosophers of the Mersenne Circle (including Descartes, Hobbes and Gassendi), this work represents an early account of atomism by one who here claims nevertheless to remain essentially Aristotelian. The paradox was recognized by contemporaries who identified a specifically 'Digbaean atomism', whose antecedents, they believed, were to be attributed to Epicurus rather than Aristotle." Beverley Southgate in "Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century British Philosophers". Wing D1450.


GODDARD, Thomas. Plato's Demon: Or, the State-Physician Unmaskt; Being a Discourse in Answer to a Book call'd Plato Redivivus. London: printed by H. Hills Jun. for Walter Kettilby. 1684. Small 8vo: [xvi], 376 [4] pp. Contemporary calf, neatly rebacked, contrasting label. First edition.

From the library of Frances Emma Watkins of Denver, Colorado (1899-ca.1987) with her bookplate to rear pastedown, and earlier signature "L.A. Watkins, Denver, Colo. 1889" to front pastedown.

[56089] £300

A reply to Henry Neville's work of 1681. "Amongst many Seditious Libels, which of late have come abroad, none is more insolently bold than that which bears the Name of Plato Redvivus. The Author seems so hardened and confirmed in his Villanous Errors, that he makes no scruple to offer Treason and Sedition, for Reason and Loyalty. He would make us believe that he is supporting Our Government, whilst he endeavours utterly to destroy it ...." from the Preface. Wing G917.


[HOBBES, Thomas]. Elementorum Philosophiae Sectio Prima De Corpore. [Amsterdam: Joannem Blaeu. 1668]. Small quarto: [viii] including half-title, 261 pp., 13 folding diagrams; scattered foxing and some light water-staining. Contemporary vellum, a little soiled.

[70888] £800

The third part only of the first collected edition of Hobbes' works - comprising Computatio sive Logica, Philosophia Prima, De Rationibus Motuum & Magnitudinum, Physica sive Naturae Phaenomenae.

Macdonald & Hargreaves 104.


HOBBES, Thomas. Oeuvres Philosophiques et Politiques de Thomas Hobbes …. Tome Premier, Contenant les Élémens du Citoyen, traduits en Francois, par un de ses amis [Tome Second, Contenant le Corps Politique & la Nature Humaine]. Neufchatel: De l'Imprimerie de la Société Typographique. 1787. Two volumes: half-title to each volume, engraved portrait to volume I, xlviii, 452, [18]; iv, 292 pp. Contemporary quarter calf with gilt decorated spines and contrasting labels.

[70494] £750

The first French collected edition. 'De Cive' and 'De Corpore Politico' translated by Samuel Sorbière, and 'Humane Nature' translated by by Baron d'Holbach.


(HOBBES) [EACHARD, John]. The Grounds and Occasions of the Contempt of the Clergy and Religion enquired into. In a Letter to R.L. The tenth edition. London: printed for E. Blagrave. 1696. 144 pp., bound with Some Observations upon the Answer to an Enquiry into the Grounds and Occasions of the Contempt of the Clergy. With some Additions. In a Second Letter to R.L. By the same Author. The sixth edition. London: printed for E. Blagrave. 1696. [x], 188 pp., bound with Mr. Hobbs's State of Nature considered: in a Dialogue between Philautus and Timothy. To which are added Five Letters, from the Author of the Grounds and Occasions of the Contempt of the Clergy. The fourth edition, corrected by the Author. London: printed for E. Blagrave. 1696. [xvi], 247 pp. Contemporary panelled calf, rebacked.

[51359] £450

'The Grounds and Occasions of the Contempt of the Clergy …' ".... brims over with wit and humour, had a rapid sale, and passed through many editions. The author represents the contempt with which the clergy were generally regarded as being in great measure due to a wrong method of education or the poverty of some of the inferior clergy. .... Eachard reply to the first of his assailants in 'Some Observations upon the Answer .…'" D.N.B. 'Mr. Hobbs's State of Nature considered' is Eachard's reply to 'Leviathan'. Wing E55, E63, E59.


LOCKE, John. A Collection of Several Pieces of Mr. John Locke, never before printed, or not extant in his Works. Publish'd by the Author of the Life of the ever-memorable Mr. John Hales, &c. London: printed by J. Bettenham for R. Francklin. 1720. [xxxvi], xxiv, [ii], 362, [18], errata leaf, 3 pp. advertisements; with engraved vignette to title-page and engraved plate 'The Solar System' opposite p.187; minor worming to margins of early leaves; occasional browning. Contemporary calf, worn on corners, rebacked with gilt lettering and library reference number to base of spine. First edition.

[55528] £500

This collection was put together from manuscript papers in the hands of Anthony Collins, Samuel Bold, and others, with the help of Locke's nephew Peter King. Published by Pierre Desmaizeaux. Yolton 316A, first issue. Attig 787.


LOCKE, John. De Intellectu Humano. In Quatuor Libris. .... Edition Quarta Aucta & Emendata, & nunc primum Latine reddita. London: Aunshami & Johan. Churchil. 1701. Folio: engraved portrait frontispiece by Vanderbanck after Brounower, [xxvi], 317[1] pp. (with page nos. 65-68 repeated, 165-172 omitted, 232 called '223'); portrait somewhat creased; title-page splashed with ink. Contemporary calf, raised bands, morocco label, some wear to top and bottom of spine. First edition.

[54155] £1750

The first edition in Latin of Locke's "Essay," translated by Ezekiel Burridge from the fourth edition of 1700, with the portrait (not mentioned by Attig). An important edition since, together with the French translation published a year earlier, it made the "Essay" accessible to the learned world outside English-speaking countries. Yolton 110. Attig 421.


LOCKE, John. An Essay concerning Humane Understanding. In Four Books. The Second Edition, with large Additions. London: printed for Awnsham and John Churchil ... and Samuel Manship. 1694. Folio: fine engraved portrait frontispiece by Brounower engraved by Vanderbanck, [xl], 407[1] plus [12] pp. index; occasional minor marginal soiling, small rust or burn mark in p.263/4(Ll4) with loss of 3 letters; a small wormhole begins at the very outer margin of p.143 to the end, with some repairs; faint ownership inscription to top margin of title page - Enoch French(?). Later (19th century) crimson full calf, gilt decorated spine, contrasting label, scuffed.

[56360] £2000

The important second edition, which includes a portrait, much new material (comprising 31 leaves), and significant changes; these were, in the main, inspired by Locke's correspondence with the Irish scientist and philosopher, William Molyneux. Yolton 62B (second edition, second issue). Attig 229. Wing L2740.


LOCKE, John. Posthumous Works of Mr. John Locke: viz. I.Of the Conduct of the Understanding. II.An Examination of P. Malebranche's Opinion of Seeing all things in God. III.A Discourse of Miracles. IV.Part of a Fourth Letter for Toleration. V.Memoirs relating to the Life of Anthony first Earl of Shaftesbury. To which is added, VI.His New Method of a Common-Place-Book, written originally in French, and now translated into English. London: printed by W.B. for A. and J. Churchill. 1706. [iv], 336 pp; old ownership inscription to title-page, contents generally clean. Modern quarter calf with marbled boards, contrasting label. First edition.

[56173] £550

This collection of Locke's works, some of which were previously unpublished, was put together two years after Locke's death by his literary executors, Peter King and Anthony Collins. Yolton 299. Attig 724.


LOCKE, John. Some Thoughts concerning Education. The sixth edition enlarged. London: printed for A. and J. Churchill. 1709. [viii], 390[2] pp. Contemporary panelled calf, split on joints.

[56174] £280

Yolton 170. Attig 527.


LOCKE, John. Some Thoughts concerning Education. The twelfth edition. Edinburgh: printed for J. Brown. 1752. 12mo: [vi], 325 [5] pp; some staining to inner margins. Recent half calf, raised bands, gilt lettering.

[52211] £120

Yolton 181. Attig 539.


(LOCKE) KING, Peter, 7th Baron. The Life of John Locke, with extracts from his Correspondence, Journals, and Common-Place Books. New edition, with considerable additions. In two volumes. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. 1830. Engraved portrait frontispiece to volume 1, viii + 447 pp; engraved facsimile of Locke's handwriting, 375 + iv + 144 pp; some light browning to preliminary leaves. Contemporary full calf, rebacked with gilt decorated spines relaid, morocco labels.

[52290] £250

With the addition of an index to the notes of Lord King. Yolton 329.


(LOCKE) WEBB, Thomas E. The Intellectualism of Locke: An Essay. Dublin: William McGee & Co. 1857. [xiv] + 192 pp; substantial underscoring and old marginal notes in ink. Original blind stamped cloth, neatly recased. First edition.

[52304] £150

Webb argues that Locke was neither a sensualist nor an empiricist, but an intellectualist.


(LOCKE) [WHITER, Walter]. A Specimen of a Commentary on Shakespeare. Containing I. Notes on As You Like It. II. An Attempt to explain and illustrate various passages, on a new principle of criticism, derived from Mr. Locke's Doctrine of the Association of Ideas. London: printed for T. Cadell. 1794. [vi], 258 pp., errata leaf. Modern marbled boards, morocco label. First edition.

[52306] £330

"An interesting attempt at applying Locke's account of the association of ideas to the reading of a text. The association of ideas is taken to be `the combination of those ideas, which have no natural alliance or relation to each other, but which have been united by chance.' The author uses this as a way of understanding the creative artist. The power of such an association `over the genius of the poet' consists in `supplying him with words and with ideas, which have been suggested to the mind.' That suggestion works by a `principle of union unperceived by himself (the poet) and independent of the subject to which they are applied.'"Yolton 1794.2.


NORRIS, John. An Account of Reason and Faith: In Relation to the Mysteries of Christianity. London: printed for S. Manship. 1697. [xiv], 346 pp., errata leaf, plus 4 pp. publisher's advertisements; some browning, particularly to the margins, lower corner of title-page torn away not into border. Contemporary calf with later reback, gilt decorated spine, torn at head of spine. First edition.

[56334] £230

Norris's answer to Toland's "Christianity not Mysterious" (1696). Norris describes Toland's book as "one of the most Bold, daring and irreverent pieces of Defiance of the Mysteries of the Christian Religion that even this Licentious Age has Produced" (Preface). Wing N1243.


NORRIS, John. A Philosophical Discourse concerning the Natural Immortality of the Soul. Wherein the Great Question of the Soul's Immortality is Endeavour'd to be Rightly Stated, and fully Clear'd. Occasion'd by Mr. Dodwell's late Epistolary Discourse. In two parts. (bound with) A Letter to Mr. Dodwell, concerning the Immortality of the Soul of Man .... Being a farther Pursuance in the Philosophical Discourse. London: printed for S. Manship. 1708/1709. [viii], 127[1]; [viii], 152 pp; title-pages printed in red and black; some gathers embrowned. Contemporary panelled calf, gilt decorated spine, lacking label, chipped at top and bottom of spine and joints cracked. First editions. With the ownership inscription of Wm. Robinson, dated 1727, and his occasional notes.

[56333] £350

Norris (1657-1711) wrote against materialists and atheists who appeared to doubt or to question the immortality of the soul. ESTCT76547/76776.


SENAULT, Jean Francois. The Use of Passions. Written in French .... and put into English by Henry Earl of Monmouth. London: printed by W.G. for John Sims. 1671. Small 8vo: [xlviii] including portrait frontispiece (a little frayed at edges) and engraved title, 510 pp; lower corner of E4 torn away with some loss to side notes; small single wormhole affecting top outer corner from p.257; some foxing, mainly to preliminary leaves. Contemporary calf, rebacked.

[56271] £320

The second edition in English, the first was published in 1649, translated by Henry Carey, second Earl of Monmouth (1596-1661). Wing S2505.


STANLEY, Thomas. The History of Philosophy: containing the Lives, Opinions, Actions and Discourses of the Philosophers of every Sect. The fourth edition. In which the innumerable mistakes, both in the text and notes of all former editions are corrected, the citations and references exactly adjusted and compared throughout with the originals, and with the Latin Translation printed at Leipsick. To which is prefixed, an Account of the Life and Writings of the Author. London: printed for A. Millar ..., A. Ward, S. Birt, D. Browne [etc]. 1743. Quarto: [xxxvi], 828 pp. Contemporary calf, scuffed, some wear to top and bottom of spine, joints tender, later black morocco label.

[55312] £450

The "Latin Translation printed at Leipsick" is the translation by Fritsch, published as "Historia philosophiae", 1711.


STILLINGFLEET, Edward. A Second Discourse in Vindication of the Protestant Grounds of Faith, against the Pretence of Infallibility in the Roman Church, in Answer to the Guide in Controversies by R.H. Protestancy without Principles, and Reason and Religion, or the Certain Rule of Faith by E.W. ... London: printed by R.W. for H. Mortlock. 1673. [xvi] including imprimatur, pp.295-695[1] plus advertisement leaf. Contemporary calf, rebacked, contrasting label. First edition.

[56481] £250

A reply to Abraham Woodhead's "A Rational Account of the Doctrine of Roman-Catholicks concerning the Ecclesiastical Guide in Controversies of Religion", by R.H. (1673), and Edward Worseley's "Reason and Religion ...." (1672). The work is one of many that Stillingfleet wrote against Roman Catholic claims, especially against views put forward by some former Anglicans who had returned to England as Roman Catholic apologists. Wing S5634.


WALLIS, Johannem. Institutio Logicae, Ad communes usus accommodata. Editio Quarta, auctior & emendatior. Oxford: typis Leon. Lichfield, impensis Henr. Clements .... 1715. [viii], 313[1] pp; margins somewhat affected by damp. Contemporary panelled calf, worn.

[54370] £180


WALLIS, Johannem. Institutio Logicae, Ad communes usus accommodata. Editio Quarta, auctior & emendatior. Oxford: typis Leon. Lichfield, impensis Henr. Clements, Ant. Peisley .... 1715. [viii], 313 pp; some minor marginal damp staining. Contemporary panelled calf, partly split on front joint, corners bumped.

[53912] £220

First published in 1687, "a textbook which was to have four eighteenth-century editions and was to achieve the honor not only of being repeatedly singled out for respectful contradiction by Dugald Stewart between 1785 and 1809 in his distinguished lectures at Edinburgh on the philosophy of the human mind, but also of being mentioned with approval by Richard Whately in his 'Elements of Logic' in 1826." Howell, 'Eighteenth-Century British Logic and Rhetoric'.


WHITBY, Daniel. Ethices Compendium, in usum Academicae Juventutis. Auctius & emendatius tertio editum. London: Gul. Innys. 1713. [viii] + 299 + [5] pp. advertisements; some damp staining to top margins. Contemporary panelled calf, raised bands, label.

[53776] £140

First published in 1684.

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